The Indian Constitution lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country. It has provisions to incorporate changes from time-to-time. Many of the sensitive whites also joined the struggle with the African National Congress. 26 April, 1994, Question 6. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. But, the Congress itself included a variety of political groups and opinions. Ambedkar prepared a draft constitution for discussion. How were the non whites discriminated? This is called rigid because some ideals in the constitution like equality, secularism, democracy, sovereignity etc. Write a brief note on the following personalities. The African National Congress (ANC) was the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies of segregation in South Africa. They were forbidden from living in white areas. Question 20. The traditional social inequalities must be ended. Question 3. (iv) SECULAR: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. Solution: Blacks could not form associations or protest the terrible treatment. Explain with five facts the transition from Apartheid to democracy and multi-racial government take place in South Africa. There is no social or any discrimination based on skin colour in free south Africa, today. The Constituent Assembly was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. (ii) Some of the main provisions of our Constitution and their original sources are given below: (iii) (a) This is to be noted that our Constitution-makers did not imitate what others had done. (d) The Concept of Social and Economic Equality. Several key words have been used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution : (i) WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA: The constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers. Several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the Draft Constitution, clause by clause. First some basic principles were decided, and agreed upon. Answer: What is meant by Segregation? All questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. Solution: Question 19. Specifications: It specifies how the government will be constituted, who will have the power to take which decisions. All questions and answers from the NCERT Book of Class 9 Social science Chapter 5 are provided here for you for free. Ambedkar prepared a draft constitution for discussion. Ambedkar, and K.M. The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule and that of one person, one vote. Free Question Bank for 9th Class Social Science Constitutional Design Very Short Answer Type Questions - Constitutional Design Enter OTP OTP has been sent to your mobile number and is valid for one hour Question 14. Answer: Tryst with Destiny, Question 11. Highlight any five difficult circumstances under which the Indian Constitution was drawn up. Why was the making of the Indian Constitution not an easy affair? Even the churches were separate. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. Together, they decided that in the search for a solution to the problems, nobody should be excluded, no one should be treated as a demon. It was never considered as a static, sacred and unalterable law. Answer: Answer: Question 21. Democratic—People have political equality. It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of government, to find out whether it is good or bad. Salient Features: Question 8. Answer: Question 5. As such, they desired that the Indian Constitution should be able to adapt itself to the changing conditions or circumstances. He wanted India where there could be no room for the curse of untouchability. Answer: He played very important role in integration of the Indian princely states. (x) FRATERNITY: All of us should behave as if we are members of the same family. First, Pandit Jawahar Lai Nehru moved in the Constituent Assembly the historic ‘Objectives Resolution’ which was unanimously passed. (c) Principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. It also limits the powers of the government by providing some rights to the citizens which cannot be violated. India is a major democratic country and has a long and detailed Constitution. The system of public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. India adopted the principle of liberty, freedom and justice from the French Constitution. The second reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. It generates a degree of trust and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together. Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. In India, it is called the Parliament or “Sansad”. What was the situation at the time India achieved independence? 01 Mark; Short Type Questions (02 Mark) and Answers. HOTS This means they enjoy _______ . After long negotiations both parties agreed to a compromises. The people of South Africa struggled against the apartheid in the following way: Question 2. What do you know about ‘The Long Walk to Freedom’? When a Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect it called a secular government. “I have cherished the idea of a democratic Asid free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal Which type of tactics did the white racist government of South Africa use to continue to rule? Why did the Constitution-framers make provisions for amendments in the Indian Constitution? There is no official religion. The apartheid government came to an end, paving way for the formation of a multi-racial government. (b) At each step, they also questioned or judged the legitimacy of various provisions. The Assembly also had many members who did not agree with the Congress. How was it oppressive for the blacks? It expresses a broad consensus of its time. It became a fully sovereign body. Trains, buses, hospitals, schools, cinemas, public places and public toilets were all separate for the whites and blacks. A Preamble is an introductory statement in a constitution which states the reasons and guiding values of the constitution. Many restrictions were imposed on the Blacks, who formed mote than 80% of the population. (Any three). These rules put together are called the Constitution. The white rulers treated all non whites as inferior. CBSE Class 9 Civics Worksheet - Constitutional Design - Practice worksheets for CBSE students.Prepared by teachers of the best CBSE schools in India. Answer: Question 4. The blacks agreed that majority rule would not be absolute. Equal voting right to all adult citizens of country, be it rich or poor with no discrimination comes under political equality. Blacks could not form associations or protest against the terrible treatment. In 1928, who along with eight other congress leaders? What would have happened in South Africa if the black majority had decided to take revenge on the whites for all their oppression and exploitation? To obtain a clear and crisp overview of all the concepts from this Chapter, students can browse through these CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. Indian Constitution is a very long and detailed document. How is the South African Constitution looked upon today? They had also studied the various Acts passed by the British Government and the iesoiiK.ons adopted by the Congress Party. No external power can dictate the government of India. Who was the first president of the newly born democracy in South Africa? The members deliberated for 114 days spread over 3 years. Liberty: Every citizen will have the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. cannot be changed. Those who crafted the Indian Constitution felt that it must be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Constitutional Design. (v) DEMOCRATIC: A form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers and hold them accountable. In 1928, Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a constitution for India which marked the beginning of this process. Taking inspiration from American model, most countries in the contemporary world have chosen to begin their constitutions with a preamble. Question 18. So, they made provisions to incorporate changes from time to time. Republic—Head of the state is a common man elected by the people. Social inequalities must be reduced. The British had left the piincely states to decide their future on their own. Atleast ten lakh people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. In South Africa, the white racist government continued to rule by detaining, torturing and killing thousands of black and coloured people. Question 2. Question 6. “The making of the Constitution for huge and diverse country like India was not an easy affair.” Justify the statement. Our Constitution-makers had great foresight. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics CBSE, 3 Constitutional Design. Answer: (c) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in the year 1891 and died in the year 1956. Explain. Trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools, public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. Today the determination of the people of South Africa to work together, without bearing any grudges against the white regime in looked upon with great respect. It is an autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Explain? He thought India as a country where the people of all communities would live in perfect harmony. CBSE Class 9 Civics Worksheet - Constitutional Design 1. Question 4. These are used to interpret the meaning of the Constitution. Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect. Answer: Lakhs of people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. What do you mean by Constitutional amendments? A constitution is not merely a statement of values and philosophy. Answer: Question 11. What do we call a state where head of the state is an elected and not a hereditary person? Major shortcomings of the constitution can be removed. Why is South Africa called a ‘rainbow nation’ today? Question 1. Answer: What is a Preamble? So. He was born in Maharashtra. State the steps involved in the framing of Indian Constitution. Question 11. It is a country in which the fullest sense belongs to all blacks and whites, women and men.”. Question 1. The African National Congress. What is Constitution? All such rules together are called constitution. Question 5. The way in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the Constitution. Answer: NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Political Science Constitutional Design Class 9 Social Science book solutions are available in PDF format for free download. No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior. It lays down limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are. Solution: Sovereign—People are masters and have supreme right to take decisions. Here we have provided Class IX Civics Chapter 2 Very Short Type Questions i.e. Secular—It is based on the freedom of religion. Answer: The apartheid regime was particularly oppressive for the ‘blacks’ and the ‘coloured’. Answer: Apartheid is the name of a system of social discriminatio’n unique to South Africa. They were forbiadden to live in white areas. Women would enjoy the same rights as men. Question 10. But there is no official religion. That is, there are some rules that can be amended by a simple majority while some need two-third majority. It came into force on January 26, 1950. Or Both the movements were fighting against the whites of Europe who had come to these countries as trading companies. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. Who was Rajendra Prasad? The South African Constitution sees people of all skin colours as equal. Non-whites did not have right to vote. Certain basic rules have to be followed by the citizens and the government. The phrase ‘Service of India’ means the service of the millions who suffer. The Constitution describes the institutional arrangements in a very legal language. If you are finding Related Quizzes, you can check on the best website for competitive exams practice with quizzes here: Current Affairs Mock Test 2019 and Monthly Current Affairs . Equality of statue and of opportunity and to promote among them all fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation, in our constitutional assembly, this 26th day of November.1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.”. (iv) Republic: The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position. CBSE papers with answers and for chapter 3 Constitutional Design class 9th Social Science Political Science includes practice question papers with 10-12 questions in each test paper. Study these solutions when you are preparing for the Social Science Exam. What is apartheid? It is also a charter for the transformation of our country into one which is truly shared by all its people. No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior. The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. The white racial government was overthrown by a multi-racial government. (b) The Charter of the Fundamental Rights. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, which led India’s freedom struggle. There were more than 30 members belonging to the Scheduled Caste. CBSE Guide of All Chapters given in the Book. The Indian National Congress included a variety of political groups . (vi) Equality, Mention any one feature of a Foreign Constitution which inspired the constitution makers of the Indian Constitution. When the Constitution was being written, the future of the country did not look as secure as it does today. The constitution only came into effect on January 26, 1950. A great loss of life and property would have taken place. The British had left it to the rulers of the princely states to decide whether they wanted to merge with India or with Pakistan or remain independent. Answer: Preamble, Question 5. To help students in finding the answers to the exercise questions, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. Motilal Nehru, Question 12. Solution: Some Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishna Swarny Aiyer, Dr. B.R. Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion, Question 15. This, was called segregation. (ii) Socialist, These changes are called the ‘Constitutional Amendments’. Answer: The oppressor and the oppressed in this new democracy were planning to live together as equals. India is called a Republic because the head of the state i.e., the President is an elected person, and it is not a hereditary position. Solution: What is a Constitution? He cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. Nobody can be discriminated against only on the basis of his religion, caste, colour, creed or sex (Articles 14 and 15). “India’s Constitution was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances.” Elaborate this statement with the help of any four circumstances during it was made. Question 19. Solution: “The manner in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the constitution.” Justify. Soon after the country was divided into India and Pakistan. The struggle was led by the African National Congress. Question 9. Answer: It worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. The Assembly had many members who did not agree with the Congress. Question 25. Vedantu provides you with a competitive edge by providing step-by-step answers to all the questions provided in the book of NCERT Social Science Democratic Politics. The famous speech given by Pt. There were not allowed to form any association to represent their problems. How many years of his life, Nelson Mandela spent in Jail? Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. At that time of independence, the people of India were emerging from the status of subjects to that of citizens. This created a lot of turmoil. The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. Answer: They could not even visit the churches where the whites worshipped. As the supreme law of the country, the Constitution determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function. Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Constitutional Design Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1. Who was Nelson Mandela? The values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and were, in turn, nurtured by it, formed the foundation for India’s democracy. But no large social group or political party has ever questioned the legitimacy of the Constitution itself. Later he was appointed the First Prime Minister of India. Or What compromises did the blacks and white make? Also, take advantage of our CBSE Class 9 Most Important Questions , CBSE Class 9 Multiple Choice Questions , CBSE Class 9 Fill in the blanks etc. How did the people of South Africa struggle against it? Answer: Question 12. First, some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. We have adopted bill of Rights from the United States of America. Assess the Constitution made by the Constitution Assembly to form the Indian Constitution? It was not going to be easy for them to trust each other. HOTS The British had left it to the rulers of the princely states to decide whether they wanted to merge with India or with Pakistan or remain independent. Where did Nelson Mandela spend his prison term? The Constituent Assembly held its first meeting in November 1946. Answer: Question 12. The government would work for the welfare of poor and oppressed so that social inequalities could Question 8. Question 30. Question 13. Solution: “Indian Constitution adopted many institutional details and procedures from different countries.” Justify by giving examples. In his concluding speech to the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Ambedkar said that India was entering a life of ‘contradictions’ on 26th January, 1950. Answer: Question 3. It means people have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. Answer: What is meant by\the Apartheid? Question 8. Answer: The Constitution of India lays down certain Basic Features or the Basic Structure, which cannot be amended, altered or modified by any legitimate authority in India. (ii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Question 3. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities. This system of racial discrimination, unique to South Africa, was called Apartheid. Answer: Describe main features of Indian Constitution. Discriminatory laws were repealed. Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, Question 14. Answer: The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November, 1949 and it came into force on 26 January, 1950. Every document presented, and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved. When did the process of the Making of the Indian Constitution begin? Question 12. A sample test paper for CBSE exams includes different types of questions such as multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and long answers questions. The new Constitution gave to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 38557 times. The government is run according to some basic rules. Question 14. 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The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule that of one person one vote. Question 7. The making of the constitution for a huge and diverse country like India was not an easy affair. Equality: Every citizen will be provided with the equality of status and opportunity. Feb 16, 2021 - Constitutional Design – Constitution : MCQ’s, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. Question 4. (Any three). Indian Constitution Important Questions Free Online Test with Answers Very useful for all Competitive position. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress. With reference to the Constituent, Assembly, answer the following questions: Therefore, it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated. Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. It is Secular, as there is no State religion in India. Question 3. Who was Nelson Mandela? They provided a suitable amending procedure. Answer: Question 10. Why did the South African people need a Constitution? What is the full form of ANC? This ensured a fair geographical share of members from all the regions of the country. Question 9. Answer: He was a nationalist leader of South Africa, who fought against racial … What is the Constituent Assembly? The Constitution begins with a short statement of its basic values. Liberty, Question 16. Question 9. There are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow. Many important political leaders were also its members. The leaders of the nation agreed that everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. She was among the foremost women leaders in the Congress. Question 4. Chapter 2 Civics Constitutional Design Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions. It is Socialist, as it aims at social and economic equality. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. Who was the Chairmen of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution, social revolutionary, thinker and agitator against caste divisions? As a ‘Living Document’, it has to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. (vii) JUSTICE: Citizens cannot be discriminated on the grounds of caste, religion and gender. Nelson Mandela fought against white domination in South Africa. Elected Members: The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Answer: Define the following terms mentioned in the preamble to the Constitution of India. Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 3 Constitutional Design Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included 1. Ambedkar, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu and Sardar Baldev Singh were its important members, who guided the discussion in the Constituent Assembly. The white minority, on the other hand, wanted to protect its privileges and property. The native people of South Africa who were black skinned were called ‘blacks’. She was a poet, writer and political activist. Question 6. People of mixed races who were called ‘coloured’. If you are a student of class 9 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Social Science (Civics), then you must come across Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. “The Constituent Assembly was the representative body of the people of India.” Explain with examples. All the solutions of Constitutional Design - Civics explained in detail by experts to help students prepare for their CBSE exams. The drafting of the document called the constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. The non whites did not have any voting rights. Question 4. Ban on political parties and restrictions on the media were lifted. Study Material and Notes of Ch 3 Constitutional Design Class 9th Civics Democratic Constitution in South Africa Struggle against Apartheid • Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. Answer: Question 31. The Constituent Assembly was also divided into the Constituent Assembly of India and that of Pakistan. Fraternity, Question 10. Answer: Question 14. (i) Sovereign, After passing of the Resolution, an Advisory Committee and various other committees were formed by the Constituent Assembly. Basic principlesVwere decided. “Indian Constitution is both rigid and flexible.” Explain. Answer: Bloodshed would have taken place. The Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among the people living in a territory (called citizens), and also the relationship between the people and the government. Therefore, it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated. The official policy of racial separation of ill treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa was called _______ . Describe any five values / goals of the Indian Constitution included in the Preamble. It is a Republic, because the Head of the State in India, namely, the President, is elected for five years by the r members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. 9 Constitutional Design 9 Specific Hazards and Mitigation 2 Physical Features of India 11 Electoral Politics 8 Working of Institutions 8 Democratic Rights 8 India - Size and Location 11 Climate 9 Sports 8 Clothing: A Social History 8 Drainage 11 Food Security 8 9 Question 15. All NCERT Solutions for class Class 9 Social science are prepared by … This study enabled the makers of the Constitution to select the best provisions from different sources but on our own terms. It means citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion, but there is no official religion. What were the steps involved in the framing of the Indian Constitution? Question 7. What are the various functions of a Constitution? Answer: Democratic, Question 7. These changes are called constitutional amendments. Constituent assembly. Minorities like the Anglo-Indians had Frank Anthony as their representative. This is called the Preamble to the constitution. The makers of the Indian Constitution did not see it as sacred, static and unalterable law. Constitutional Design Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers Choose the correct option: Question 1. Later she was appointed the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. The white regime changed its policies. Who constituted the Constituent assembly? (iv) Republic, People have the supreme right to make decisions, Question 8. Answer: The people of South Africa have of agreed that everybody should become a part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. 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