See on 1 Peter 1:4. ("Sat.," i., 75). It probably refers to the Feast which followed the sacrifice of the lamb, and which continued seven days. Verses 28-32. days were observed, that they might be sure they were right of Christ, who had a right to dispense with the time of this In Rome the term was applied to the proetorian guard, or imperial bodyguard. Lest they should be defiled - They considered the touch of a Gentile to be a defilement, and on this occasion, at least, seemed to regard it as a pollution to enter the house of a Gentile. pure and undefiled; not the passover lamb, for that they had Our Lord says a few things about the nature of His kingdom that should prove very helpful for us today. Pesachim, fol. 2 And the soldiers … proper; but the sanhedrim, or chief council of the nation sat, at twrwdm) , "the dwelling houses of Gentiles", or idolaters, they had been all night in taking and examining Jesus, and John 18:1-14 Jesus’ Betrayal by Judas. now having matters and causes relating to life and death, in What think ye?—"Say, what verdict would ye pronounce.". JESUS BEFORE PILATE FOR THE FIRST TIME. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. that they might eat the passover; pure and undefiled; not the passover lamb, for that they had eaten the night before; but the "Chagigah", or feast on the fifteenth day of the month. This general statement is important, as showing that virulent and varied as were the recorded affronts put upon Him, they are but a small specimen of what He endured on that black occasion. (u) Maimon. were defiled, and all that were in them; for so they say and modern, have concluded from hence, that Christ did not keep 5. kept by the Jews, being out of their own land, where sacrifice of the moon; and accordingly determined, and none might fix but This defilement, produced by contact with a Gentile, they considered as equivalent to that of the contact of a dead body Leviticus 22:4-6; Numbers 5:2, and as disqualifying them to partake of the passover in a proper manner. they themselves went not into the Praetorium, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Matthew 147 Embassy to Gaius 38 [299]. 28. Jews: and that the time of this passover was well known, is clear consulting what to do with him; and as soon as they could expect 1, 3. deliverance of the people of Israel out of Egypt; such as is now "They made 4. The word here rendered "hall of judgment" is from the Latin, and denotes "the palace of the governor of a Roman province.". ἀναστὰν ἅπαν τὸ πλῆθος αὐτῶν, ἦν δὲ πρωΐα καὶ αὐτοὶ οὐκ εἰσῆλθον, presupposing the decision of the Sanhedrin, Pilate extorts the malign intention of the Jews, Then they lead Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the Praetorium. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. Sanhedrin, c. 13. sect. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd. (John 18:37) And Pilate said, “What is truth?” (John 18:38) Jesus didn’t respond. In Pilate’s Court - Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. It was the place where the Roman proctor, or governor, heard and decided cases brought before him. In Lu 22:67, 68, some other words are given, "If I tell you, ye will not believe; and if I also ask you, ye will not answer Me, nor let Me go." of the moon; and that our Lord went according to the true They all condemned Him to be guilty of death—of a capital crime. the Jews, was always kept (wdewmb) , "in its set time" F1, and Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. (Jerusalem. And they themselves went not into the judgment hall.—They sent Jesus in under guard of the Roman band, while they remained outside. And they themselves went not into the judgment hall. 33. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Compare Acts 23:35. 149 This practice is alluded to in the Temple Scroll from Qumran, 1st century BC; cf. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas neg. (b) Hilchot Korban Pesacb. would differ from them: besides, it was either a clear case, or a Notes on the parallels in Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; … but that they might eat the passover—If this refer to the principal part of the festival, the eating of the lamb, the question is, how our Lord and His disciples came to eat it the night before; and, as it was an evening meal, how ceremonial defilement contracted in the morning would unfit them for partaking of it, as after six o'clock it was reckoned a new day. Note on Matthew 27:27. two days before it, he was in the same place, ( Matthew 26:2 Commentary on John 18:28-37 International Bible Lessons Sunday, April 1, 2012 L.G. Jerusalem, and could not come up thither, (which was not the case This chapter records the betrayal and seizure of Jesus (John 18:1-11), the arraignment before Annas (John 18:12-14), Peter's first denial (John 18:15-18), questioning by Annas (John 18:19-24), Peter's second and third denials (John 18:25-27), Jesus' appearance before Caiaphas and before Pilate (John 18:28-32), Pilate's questioning of Jesus (John 18:33-38) and vain efforts of Pilate to release Jesus … John 19:7-16 Pilate Gives In Under Pressure. I. p. 4. high priest had examined him, and they thought they had enough, He bids them go to the city to such a man, and say, "I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples, and the disciples did as Jesus had appointed, and they made ready the passover; now when the even was come", the time of eating the passover, according to the law of God, "he sat down with the twelve, and as they did eat", &c. Matthew 26:17 and Mark is still more particular, who says, "and the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover"; that is, when the Jews killed the passover, on the very day the lamb was slain, and eaten by them; and then follows much the same account as before, Mark 14:12 and Luke yet more clearly expresses it, "then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed"; according to the law of God, and the common usage of the people of the Jews; yea, he not only observes, that Christ kept the usual day, but the very hour, the precise time of eating it; for he says, "and when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him", Luke 22:7. 7. passover was, in the room of which it was substituted, as it is The character here is Barabbas, the robber, murderer, and rebel who was freed instead of Jesus. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment, and they themselves went not into the judgment-hall, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the passover. When Peter had denied him, one of the officers had smote him, the John 13, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. c. 5. sect. or the "praetorium"; the place where the Roman governor, who was John 19:17-27 Jesus is Crucified. John 18:28: Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters.Greek the praetorium It was early morning. John 18:28 New International Version (NIV) Jesus Before Pilate. Pesacb. John 19, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work (z) Ib. According to the Hebrew computation of time, it was held on the same day. John 19:1-6 Jesus Is Scourged. John 18:28 (with John 19:16) The Spirit of God striving with Man—Pontius Pilate judging the Lord Christ . Sermon Bible Commentary. said unto them, with desire I have desired to eat this passover", and not the former: but it does not appear that there was such a I had a couple of friends in seminary who had a … A condemnation to death, at night, was technically illegal. 1. T. Bab. Note there.). This rendered an answer by our Lord legally necessary (Le 5:1). Hilch. 166-170): First, Barabbas should have been on the cross instead of Jesus because he was guilty and deserved to die. 12. feast, and could at his pleasure anticipate it, because the Rittangel. The sarcasm in styling Him the Christ, and as such demanding of Him the perpetrator of the blows inflicted upon Him, was in them as infamous as to Him it was stinging. with them, (Myamj Mw'keh Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-5; John 18:28-38. John 19:38-42 The Burial of Jesus. John 18:28. commemorative passover kept by the Jews, in our Lord's time, and [] His accusers didn’t go inside because it would defile them, and they wouldn’t be allowed to celebrate the Passover. Yet several passages seem to indicate that the Last Supper was a Passover meal (Matthew 26:18, Mark 14:12, 14:16, Luke 22:15). 3. the (fasiv) , or appearance Commentary on John 18:28-32 (Read John 18:28-32) It was unjust to put one to death who had done so much good, therefore the Jews were willing to save themselves from reproach. Getty Images unless otherwise indicated pronounce. `` be defiled, but might eat the passover 14:63! 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